Grazing exclusion and vegetation change in an upland grassland with patches of tall herbs

Sarah H. Watts, Anna Griffith & Lindsay Mackinlay

The tall herb community thriving below a section of crags within the fence at Creag an Lochain, Ben Lawers NNR, Scotland. Photo credit: Sarah Watts.

In 2000, an electric deer fence was erected around 180 ha at Creag an Lochain in the Ben Lawers Natural Nature Reserve, Scotland.…

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Geese are overlooked dispersal vectors for vascular plants in archipelago environments

Dirk Hattermann, Markus Bernhardt-Römermann, Annette Otte & Rolf Lutz Eckstein

Species rich vegetation of a rocky shore with geese droppings in the foreground. Photo credit: Dirk Hattermann.

Since plants do not move, they have to adapt to changing environmental conditions on the spot or disperse their seeds by means of wind, water or animals to escape unfavourable conditions.…

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Species abundance distributions should underpin ordinal cover-abundance transformations

Megan J. McNellie, Josh Dorrough and Ian Oliver

Around the world, ecologists are surveying plants in fixed area plots and estimating the cover and abundance of plant species. Photo credit: Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University.

Our analyses of cover-abundance data are a timely contribution to support the ever-growing volume of plot data that are being compiled into databases.…

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Cushion and shrub ecosystem engineers contribute differently to diversity and functions in alpine ecosystems

Jian-Guo Chen, Xiao-Fang He, Song-Wei Wang, Yang Yang & Hang Sun

Cushion engineers in the alpine ecosystem in south-western China. The two cushion species shown here (Arenaria polytrichoides and Potentilla articulata) can modify the microenvironment and facilitate the colonization and survival of other species.
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Abandonment of traditional saltworks facilitates degradation of halophytic plant communities and Carpobrotus edulis invasion

Rosa M. Chefaoui & Sergio Chozas

Invasion of Carpobrotus edulis on the dykes of abandoned saltworks in Ria Formosa, Portugal. Photo credit: Rosa M. Chefaoui.

In the “Anthropocene” era, in which most ecosystems have been altered by humans, half of the world’s wetlands have been lost.…

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